A new Summary Analysis Report linking drinking water and sanitation to the United Nations Millennium Development Goals is now available for download here.
Click here to learn more about the United Nations Millennium Development Goals.
- Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger – The prevalence of underweight children under five years of age is related to increasing water access (p = 0.028).
- Achieve universal primary education – A statistically significant relationship was not found between access to improved water and net enrollment in primary school (p = 0.098), nor was a significant relationship found in the case of sanitation (p = 0.469).
- Promote gender equality and empower women – The ratio of girls to boys in primary education was found to be related to access to an improved water source (p = 0.006).
- Reduce child mortality – Decreased under-five mortality was found to be related to increased water access (p<0.001) and improved sanitation (p<0.001). Similarly, increased access to an improved water source has also been found to be related to infant mortality rate (p<0.001). This relationship retains its significance with improved sanitation (p<0.001).
- Improve maternal health – Increased water access was found to be significantly associated with decreased maternal mortality ratio (p = 0.008). A similar relationship was found in the case of improved sanitation (p = 0.009).
- Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases – Increased access to water was found to be significantly associated with decreased percentage of under 5 mortality due to diarrhoeal diseases (p<0.001).
- Ensure environmental sustainability – The improvement of water quality, in part through the expansion of improved sanitation, is essential to protecting environmental resources, and reducing land degradation.
- Develop a global partnership for development – The provision of safe water and sanitation must be considered as an important part of a global development agenda. In areas which face significant challenges in relation to water and sanitation, these issues will create major obstacles to sustainable development.
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