Chapter: BRICS Consortium: Toward Implementing Sustainable Development Goal 6

Chapter: BRICS Consortium: Toward Implementing Sustainable Development Goal 6

Septon T., Nagabhatla N., Hou A.M.Y., Yang F. (2020) BRICS Consortium: Toward Implementing Sustainable Development Goal 6. In: Leal Filho W., Azul A.M., Brandli L., Lange Salvia A., Wall T. (eds) Partnerships for the Goals. Encyclopedia of the UN Sustainable Development Goals. Springer, Cham. http://doi-org-443.webvpn.fjmu.edu.cn/10.1007/978-3-319-71067-9_108-1

Water security is a holistic framework accounting for the intersections that rely on water and impact freshwater availability, quality, and quantity. UN Water’s (2013b) it incorporates four main elements: drinking water and human well-being, ecosystems, water-related hazards and climate change, and economic activities and development.

Geography, economics, and demographics all play a role in domestic and international politics. These dimensions are relevant to geopolitics, which aims to analyse both these geographical settings and political processes and how the two interact and influence the other (Cohen, 2003).

Partnerships are the core of SDG 17. The United Nations (UN) associate’s partnerships as voluntary and can be between both public and non-public entities working towards a shared common goal (2015). Most importantly, partnerships entail shared risks and benefits in a collaborative environment.

The emerging partnership between Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa (BRICS) began as a development partnership. Discussions manifested into “BRIC” in 2009, with South Africa joining in 2010 to create “BRICS.” The consortium represents the converging interests of emerging actors demanding a shift in global power distribution and its priorities focus on improved trade terms, technology transfer, and fair access to development aid as it begins to be recognized as a global partnership for development collaboration. The aim of this article is to explore and explain the potential of BRICS as a partnership model (SDG 17) and how that can support the SDG 6 and water-related aspects in SGD 2, 11, and 13.