Estimation of the added value of using rainfall–runoff transformation and statistical models for seasonal streamflow forecasting

Estimation of the added value of using rainfall–runoff transformation and statistical models for seasonal streamflow forecasting

Sittichok, K., Seidou, O., Gado Djibo, A., & Rakangthong, N. K. (2018). Estimation of the added value of using rainfall–runoff transformation and statistical models for seasonal streamflow forecasting. Hydrological Sciences Journal, 63(4), 630-645.

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Two methods for generating streamflow forecasts in a Sahelian watershed, the Sirba basin, were compared. The direct method used a linear relationship to relate sea-surface temperature to annual streamflow, and then disaggregated on a monthly time scale. The indirect method used a linear relationship to generate annual precipitation forecasts, a temporal disaggregation to generate daily precipitation and the SWAT (Soil and Water Assessment Tool) model to generate monthly streamflow. The accuracy of the forecasts was assessed using the coefficient of determination, the Nash-Sutcliffe coefficient and the Hit score, and their economic value was evaluated using the cost/loss ratio method. The results revealed that the indirect method was slightly more effective than the direct method. However, the direct method achieved higher economic value in the majority of cost/loss situations, allowed for predictions with longer lead times and required less information.